Blood and Borders

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ISBN: 9789280811964

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Year Published:2011

Blood and Borders

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Map lines delineating statehood can become blurred by bloodlines of nationhood. Interethnic conflict and genocide have demonstrated the dangers of failing to protect people targeted by fellow citizens. When minority groups in one country are targeted for killings or ethnic cleansing based on their group identity, whose responsibility is it to protect them? In particular, are they owed any protective responsibility by their kin-state? How can cross-border kinship ties strengthen greater pan-national identity across borders without challenging territorially defi ned national security? As shown by the Russia–Georgia confl ict over South Ossetia, unilateral intervention by a kin-state can lead to confl ict within and between states. The world cannot stand by when minority rights are being trampled, but the protection of national minorities should not be used as an excuse to violate state sovereignty and generate inter-state confl ict. This book suggests that a sensible answer to the kin-state dilemma might come from the formula “neither intervention nor indifference” that recognizes the special bonds but proscribes armed intervention based on the ties of kinship. Walter Kemp is Director for Europe and Central Asia at the International Peace Institute (IPI). Vesselin Popovski is Senior Academic Programme Offi cer and Head of Section “Peace and Security”, Institute for Sustainability and Peace at the United Nations University, Tokyo. Ramesh Thakur is Professor of Political Science at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Table of contents: Introduction, Walter Kemp Part I: Problems and perspectives The responsibility to protect: A forward looking agenda, Ramesh Thakur Minority protection, bilateral mechanisms and responsibility to protect, Elizabeth Defeis Where are the borders? National identity and national security, Walter Kemp The borders of sovereignty: Whose responsibility to protect national minorities? Bogdan Aurescu Part II: Experiences and illustrations Bilateral mechanisms to protect “kin-minorities” abroad: The Hungary case, Emma Lantschner R2P and kinship in the context of Syria and Lebanon, Joshua Castellino The unilateral action of Viet Nam in 1978, Ho-Ming So Denduangrudee The role of Russia as a kin-state to protect the Russian minority in Ukraine, Olena Shapovalova Brazilians in Paraguay: A growing internal problem or a regional issue, James Tiburcio The responsibility to prevent confl icts under R2P: The Nigeria-Bakassi situation, Rhuks Ako

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